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Establishment Stages

The First Phase; the Takeoff phase (1954-1970)

During this phase, the Authority completed the construction of its major facilities which included:

  • 1960: the construction of the Qaraoun Lake with a capacity of 220 million m3 and an area of 12.30 Km2 featuring a 32km-long range of tunnels.
  • 1962: the construction of Markaba station (Ibrahim Abed El-Al) in Bekaa to generate electricity with a total power amounting to: 2 x 17 megawatts = 34 Megawatts.
  • 1965: the construction of Boulos station on the Awali River with a total power production amounting to 3 x 36 = 108 megawatts
  • 1968: the construction of Carles Helou station with a total power production amounting to 2 x 24 = 48 megawatts.
  • This way, the Litani River Authority would have implemented, in the period between 1955 and 1968, the hydroelectric plan entirely which ensures 190 megawatts o power production, i.e. the equivalent of 10 to 12% of the current power production in Lebanon.
  • 1969: equip the irrigation pilot project with irrigation systems to ensure the irrigation of the lands located between the northern stream of the Awali River, the Sineeq River in the South and the eastern entry point to Sidon all the way to the inferior part of Anan pond, 600 m above sea level.
  • In addition to these projects, the Litani River Authority conducted a number of studies, notably the study on the Khardali and the Bisri dams in the inferior basin of the Litani River in order to store up to 130 million m3 of water.

The Second Phase ( 1970 – 1998)

In this phase, the works pace was somehow slowed down to reach a sort of stagnation; the role of the Litani River was limited to:

  • Conducting economic feasibility studies of the South irrigation project, in collaboration with the FAO in the period between 1972 – 1975
  • Focusing on the management and exploitation of executed irrigations projects and existing power stations, from 1975 until 1998. The civil war and the Israeli repeated wars on South Lebanon were the major cause of this stagnation.
  • In addition to its exploitation activities, the Authority carried out a number of studies and works, such as:
    • Re-update the study of the South irrigation project in light of a new altitude of 800 m above sea level.
    • Rehabilitate, renovate and restore the Qasimiya and Ras Al-Ain irrigation project.
    • Renovate and rehabilitate the irrigation project of South Bekaa (first phase).
    • Lead a study on the Bisri dam.
    • Lead a study on the Massa dam in Yahfoufa to store 8 million m3 of water in that valley.

The Third Phase ( 2000 – 2007)

During this phase, the Litani River Authority implemented the water plan developed in the early seventies (Decree No. 14522). On top of this plan was the following:

  • Define the main Terms of Reference to subcontract the works of the South irrigation project with an altitude of 800 m above sea level; the consultant supervising the project was selected since 2004 and the selection process of the contractor who will execute the works is currently taking place.
  • Carry out the economic feasibility study for the second phase of the South Bekaa irrigation project; the new area to be equipped amounts to 6800 hectares.
  • Conduct a preliminary study on the Kfar Sîr dam that will be self-financed.
  • Conduct a study on the second phase of the updating of Qasimiya and Ras Al-Ain irrigation project by expanding the project’s area/region and manage to supply subscribers with on-demand artesian water.
  • Current Phase

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