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Overview of Hydraulic Exploitation

  • The association law of the Litani River Authority stipulated that it shall equip and exploit the Litani basin for irrigation purposes, drinking water, generating hydroelectric power, and drainage water.
  • In the early stages, the Authority mainly focused on laying the foundations, i.e. the dams, tunnels and power stations, and with time electricity projects took priority over irrigation.
  • Upon completion of the hydroelectric plan, the Authority started implementing irrigation projects near the facilities, and studying major projects in the river’s basin. It also laid down ambitious, yet realistic, irrigation projects.

Water Sources

1. Surface Water

Surface water flowing from different dams constituted 56% of the overall production in 2006.

2. Underground Water

It is the water coming from the different wells, springs and other water sources.

3. Rainwater

The volume of precipitation in the Litani basin is around 764 million m3, 543 million m3 ofwhich are received by the upper part of the dam and 221 million m3 of the lower part of it.


Irrigable Lands

The overall area of irrigable lands in the Litani basin and adjacent basins is 62,500 hectares, distributed in Bekaa and the South as follows:

  • The irrigation project in Southern Bekaa and Massa-Yahfoufa Valley – 21,000 hectares
  • The irrigation project in the South-Phases I and II – 33,000 hectares
  • In the Hasbani-Wazzani basin and intermediate basins – 85,000 hectares


Exploited Irrigation Projects

Currently Exploited Irrigation Projects and Future Irrigation Projects


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